A serious case is defined as where:

Abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected; and  Either the child has died or the child has been seriously harmed and there is cause for concern as to the way in which the authority, their Board partners or other relevant persons have worked together to safeguarding the child. 

Therefore this means that Local Safeguarding Children Boards are required to undertake reviews of serious cases in the above specified circumstances.

For more information on Serious Case Reviews please click here to view Chapter 4 of Working Together 2015.

Useful Links

National published and historical reports

Health Learning from Serious Case Reviews

Individual Management Review

A Serious Case Review is a review into a serious incident involving a child, or more specifically, it is a review of the actions of a range of agencies in working with the family involved in the serious incident.  When a Serious Case Review is undertaken the relevant identified agencies are asked to undertake an Independant Management Review, (IMR) to establish the involvement of the agency. IMR's should be comprehensive and well structured containing critical analysis and highlight good practice.  The toolkit below has been developed to aid IMR Authors when writing IMR's